Ep. #15 "FIRST TIMOTHY" [Series: PAUL'S LETTERS]

Rating: All Ages

Episode: Paul’s Letters Series No. 15 Narrator: Apollos Primary Scriptures: First Timothy 1-6 Story Summary: Paul’s first letter to Timothy, while Timothy is in Ephesus Location: Roman Empire; Asia; Ephesus Time: AD 30 Jesus crucified and resurrected; Pentecost; Holy Spirit arrives AD 48 Paul’s “famine visit” to Jerusalem; First Missionary Journey starts AD 50 Council at Jerusalem; Start of Second Missionary Journey. AD 53 Start of Third Missionary Journey AD 62 Paul writes 1 Timothy after being released from prison Suggested Memory Scriptures: 1 Timothy 1:3-4; 2:1-2, 3-4; 3:1, 15; 4:1, 7-8; 5:8; 6:6-10, 12, 17- 19 The church in Ephesus was probably started at the end of the Second Missionary Journey by Priscilla and Aquila. Paul lived in Ephesus for more than two years during the Third Missionary Journey, and the church was well established by the time he wrote First Timothy. It appears that Paul’s instructions in the letter to Timothy were for all churches, not just the one in Ephesus. The main purpose of the letter is to instruct Timothy about refuting false teachers. Paul does not give an exact description of these false teachings, but they seem to be along the lines of what would become known as “Gnostic” teachings: physical things are evil so Jesus cannot have come in the flesh, certain people possess critical secret knowledge that leads to salvation, and secret ways to have access to an unknowable God. Paul opens his letter by reaffirming his own credentials and restating the true Gospel. Since Timothy had been Paul’s close companion for more than ten years, he certainly had heard all these things before and was totally convinced of their truth. In the second chapter, Paul addresses matters having to do with orderly and proper worship that will lead to unity of the church, as the church in Ephesus had to blend people from various cultures, ethnic groups, economic circumstances, and social classes. Imagine an older, male Jewish goldsmith well-versed in the Old Testament worshiping alongside a young female slave who had previously worshiped at the temple of Artemis. With those thoughts in mind, recognize that the third chapter is Paul’s instructions about appointing a new kind of leader. Roman leadership was dominated by rich people and government officials. The church was going to need a new type of leader, and it would have to cultivate, grow, and teach them to become the type of people they needed to be. All of those thoughts lead to the rest of Paul’s teaching on growing and unifying a church. Through all his instructions, Paul’s love and concern for Timothy shine through. Discussion Questions: 1. What are the false doctrines Paul references in 1 Timothy 1:3? 2. How do you know that 1 Timothy 1:9-10 is not an all-inclusive list of unrighteous behavior? 3. In 1 Timothy 1:20, Paul says he handed over two people to Satan to be taught not to blaspheme? What do you think that means? 4. How much of 2 Timothy 2:8-12 if not a

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Ep. #15 "FIRST TIMOTHY" [Series: PAUL'S LETTERS] | FaithChannel Episode: Paul’s Letters Series No. 15 Narrator: Apollos Primary Scriptures: First Timothy 1-6 Story Summary: Paul’s first letter to Timothy, while Timothy is in Ephesus Location: Roman Empire; Asia; Ephesus Time: AD 30 Jesus crucified and resurrected; Pentecost; Holy Spirit arrives AD 48 Paul’s “famine visit” to Jerusalem; First Missionary Journey starts AD 50 Council at Jerusalem; Start of Second Missionary Journey. AD 53 Start of Third Missionary Journey AD 62 Paul writes 1 Timothy after being released from prison Suggested Memory Scriptures: 1 Timothy 1:3-4; 2:1-2, 3-4; 3:1, 15; 4:1, 7-8; 5:8; 6:6-10, 12, 17- 19 The church in Ephesus was probably started at the end of the Second Missionary Journey by Priscilla and Aquila. Paul lived in Ephesus for more than two years during the Third Missionary Journey, and the church was well established by the time he wrote First Timothy. It appears that Paul’s instructions in the letter to Timothy were for all churches, not just the one in Ephesus. The main purpose of the letter is to instruct Timothy about refuting false teachers. Paul does not give an exact description of these false teachings, but they seem to be along the lines of what would become known as “Gnostic” teachings: physical things are evil so Jesus cannot have come in the flesh, certain people possess critical secret knowledge that leads to salvation, and secret ways to have access to an unknowable God. Paul opens his letter by reaffirming his own credentials and restating the true Gospel. Since Timothy had been Paul’s close companion for more than ten years, he certainly had heard all these things before and was totally convinced of their truth. In the second chapter, Paul addresses matters having to do with orderly and proper worship that will lead to unity of the church, as the church in Ephesus had to blend people from various cultures, ethnic groups, economic circumstances, and social classes. Imagine an older, male Jewish goldsmith well-versed in the Old Testament worshiping alongside a young female slave who had previously worshiped at the temple of Artemis. With those thoughts in mind, recognize that the third chapter is Paul’s instructions about appointing a new kind of leader. Roman leadership was dominated by rich people and government officials. The church was going to need a new type of leader, and it would have to cultivate, grow, and teach them to become the type of people they needed to be. All of those thoughts lead to the rest of Paul’s teaching on growing and unifying a church. Through all his instructions, Paul’s love and concern for Timothy shine through. Discussion Questions: 1. What are the false doctrines Paul references in 1 Timothy 1:3? 2. How do you know that 1 Timothy 1:9-10 is not an all-inclusive list of unrighteous behavior? 3. In 1 Timothy 1:20, Paul says he handed over two people to Satan to be taught not to blaspheme? What do you think that means? 4. How much of 2 Timothy 2:8-12 if not a

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